There’s something about Subway bread that’s always so addicting. I always chalked it up to extreme hunger every time I order from the fast-food sandwich chain. Turns out that there’s something in the bread.
CBS News reports that a recent ruling by the Ireland Supreme Court deemed that Subway bread isn’t technically bread at all.
A tax dispute from an Irish Subway franchisee, Bookfinders Ltd., brought forth this decision after they argued that items such as teas, coffees, and heated sandwiches should not be subjected to value-added tax.
The appeal was rejected earlier this week by a panel of judges and ruled that the bread at Subway had way too much sugar to be considered a “staple food.” Staple foods are typically not taxed.
To be considered “bread,” the sugar content in the flour cannot exceed 2%. Subway’s contained 10%.
Recent research says that there is no such thing as a sugar rush. It actually makes us feel fatigued and lose mental sharpness when we consume it. Which is interesting, because there are plenty of sugar myths out there on the internet. Let’s see what they are.
Lately, fat has been losing its total world domination when it comes to its reputation of the worst thing you can eat. Of course, the sugar industry can be partly blamed for that reputation, too. Now we know that not all fats are bad for us. For instance, saturated fats used in processed foods really are the stuff of nightmares. Even more interesting, sugar is now getting to have a reputation as the worst thing we can eat.
Who hasn’t had a chocolate bar for energy at least once, while trying to get some urgent task done at work? I think we’ve all been guilty of that. That’s why we’ve decided to look further into a few sugar myths, sifting for the truth.
3 sugar myths and the truth
1. Sugar gives you energy
This recent study published in the journal for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews blows up the idea that any sugar-rich food gives us a sugar rush that we can use for a good purpose. The research looked at the effects of sugar on mood and the conclusions aren’t really good news. Scientists discovered that sugar rushes don’t really exist and that sweet food not only doesn’t give us extra energy, but it also drains us of our reserves. Sweet foods make us lose mental clarity and sharpness as well.
The new research was done by a European team and is a meta-analysis of over 31 studies in this area. The researchers wanted to also find out if sugar is good in any way for physical, but also mental activity. The answer is no, on both counts.
2. Fruit juice has no sugar in it
You can also consider this myth as being completely “busted”. And this is because fruits contain fructose, a type of sugar in and of itself. Just like glucose in other foods. And the way our bodies metabolize fructose and glucose are quite similar. What’s the conclusion, then? Fruit juices also contain plenty of sugar and that’s why we clearly have to drink them as little as possible. Even if these juices are rich in other things like fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
Not to mention that another recent study warns us that drinking sweet drinks, including the ones made with fruit, can raise the risk of having cancer.
3. Brown sugar and honey are healthier
How many of us prefer to buy and use brown sugar and honey instead of white sugar? The problem is that all types of sugar, including brown sugar, honey, agave, and maple syrup, affect your body in similar ways as white sugar. Agave can be pretty full of fructose, which leads us back to the second myth in this list. This means you should totally consume it in as small quantities as possible.
But also, there are some studies out there that have found a link between consuming fructose and some hormonal changes that can make you eat way too much. This means weight gain, but also being more vulnerable to health issues.
Consuming sugary drinks could be worse for our health than we previously thought, according to the results of a new study, conducted over 10 years.
The research was done by a French team, who wanted to discover if there is a link between consuming sugary drinks and the risk of cancer. Mathilde Touvier the lead author of the studysays that in order to be healthy, it is essential that we limit the amount of sugary drinks we consume daily. And that the risk associated with these comes from the large amount of sugar they contain. Touvier is also the research director of the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team of the National Health and Medical Research Institute at the Paris 13 University.
“The results indicate statistically significant correlations between the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and risk of all cancers combined, and of breast cancer,” said Ian Johnson, nutrition researcher and emeritus fellow, Quadram Institute Bioscience, quoted by CNN. Johnson wasn’t involved in the research but validated the results to the Science Media Centre in the UK.
Consuming sugary drinks, how much is too much?
“High sugary drinksconsumptionis a risk factor for obesity and weight gain,” she said. “Obesity is in itself a risk factor for cancer,” she added.
How many sugary drinks can we have and still feel safe? Touvier thinks the maximum should be one glass a day.
The research had 101,257 French subjects, all healthy adults, with an average age of 42. Of those, 79 percent are women and 21 percent are men. The participants filled out two questionnaires and were monitored over nine years. Their habits when it comes to consuming sugary drinks, but also their diet, were analyzed by the researchers.
2,193 cases of cancer were then reported by the study participants. The disease was diagnosed at an average age of 59 years. Of these, 693 were breast cancer cases, 291 prostate cancer cases, and 166 colorectal cancer cases.
It is important to note that not only processed beverages are bad for your health, but also the freshly squeezed juices you make at home.
New research looking at Amazon customer reviews suggests that food is too sweet these days. But the customers aren’t just talking about desserts here.
This study was done by researchers from the Monell Center, who analyzed about 400,000 food reviews posted by Amazon’s customers. Their goal? To gain insight into the food choices that people make. And the results show that many of those people think that food is too sweet these days.
“This is the first study of this scale to study food choice beyond the artificial constraints of the laboratory,” said study lead author Danielle Reed, Ph.D., who is a behavioral geneticist at Monell. “Sweet was the most frequently mentioned taste quality and the reviewers definitively told us that human food is over-sweetened.”
Thousands of people think food is too sweet
The analysis was done with the help of a sophisticated statistical modeling program. Because the figures of the research are staggering: 393,568 unique food reviews were analyzed, of 67,553 products, posted by 256,043 Amazon customers over 10 years.
The scientists identified words connected to taste, odor, spiciness, texture, cost, health, but also customer service. Having the words, researchers counted the number of reviews that mentioned these categories.
“Reading and synthesizing almost 400,000 reviews would essentially be impossible for a human team, but recent developments in machine learning gave us the ability to understand both which words are present and also their underlying semantic meaning,” said study co-author Joel Mainland, Ph.D., an olfactory neurobiologist at Monell.
Sweet taste was mentioned in over 10 percent of food reviews, but also over-sweetness was mentioned 25 more times than under-sweetness. Almost 1 percent of the food reviews, so about 4,000 used the phrase “too sweet”.
In your Internet exploration, you might find mentioned plenty of types of sugar. But what do they do and what are they best suited for? Let’s find out right now, in time for making delicious desserts for your winter break.
We all know that sugar is bad, am I right? Well, even though we are informed and aware of this, sometimes we still have to use it, because we love desserts and other dishes and seriously, I don’t want to live my life without having dessert. Hashtag priorities.
If we are to at least use sugar in our desserts (and some other dishes, like caramelizing onions, perhaps?), we should at least know how to work with it. That’s why it’s a good idea to find out more about types of sugar. No, they’re not really interchangeable.
The role of sugar in baking
So what does sugar do in baking other than making things sweet? A lot of things, actually. When added to wheat flour, it slows down the formation of gluten, which makes the texture of baked goods finer and softer. It also attracts and retains moisture in your dishes when used. That means they stay fresh for longer because sugar slows down the drying out process. Oh, and you know how pastry is supposed to be a nice golden brown? That happens thanks to sugar as well, because it caramelizes when heat is applied, and it lends that color to the baked good. And when it comes to using yeast as a rising agent, the organisms in yeast like to gorge on the sugar to help the baked goods rise.
5 types of sugar to learn about
1. White granulated sugar
This is the most common type of sugar that works for almost any dish you might want to make. It is either made from beets or sugar cane. You can use it for marinades, dry rubs, salad dressing, and so many more. White granulated sugar is 99.95 percent sucrose. It doesn’t really go bad. Ever. And that is good news for post-apocalyptic bakers, I think?
2. Caster sugar
Also known as baker’s sugar, caster sugar is pretty much the same as white granulated sugar, with one fundamental difference: it has been ground for a finer texture. There are multiple sizes of sugar crystals and there can be superfine and ultrafine types of sugar. What do they do though? These sugars dissolve faster and give a more delicate texture to the baked goods.
3. Confectioner’s sugar
Also known as powdered sugar, this is the most finely ground type of sugar. It dissolves very easily, and it’s used in making candy, frostings, and icings. You can also use it to decorate the tops of desserts with a fine mist of sugary goodness. 95 to 97 percent of it is sucrose, the rest being cornstarch, added it to keep it from forming clumps. You can make your own powdered sugar by grinding it finely.
4. Brown sugar
Brown sugar is a version of ordinary cane sugar, only less refined. That means that it contains an amount of molasses, but also caramel. When you use this in recipes, you should measure it by packing it tightly into the measuring cup. This happens because it has a bit of a wet consistency. And it can contain a lot of air. When it combines with baking soda, it will activate it, so keep that in mind. But also, don’t forget that brown sugar gives a darker shade to your baked goods. Be mindful of what you’re making.
5. Raw granulated sugar
Raw sugars are brown sugars, but they are dry. They’re typically used to sweeten your morning coffee or your tea. They’re don’t work as great in baking. But their coarser texture means you can decorate your baked goods with them. It will give them a great ‘crunch’ factor. They contain less molasses than normal brown sugar, but they have been refined less than the white granulated sugar. If health is your concern when it comes to sweeteners, keep that in mind.
It’s the typical debate at the coffee shop after ordering your morning java—do I use sugar, or the sugar substitute? Since sugar is known to be a common weight-gain ingredient, the sugar substitute seems to be the most fitting solution. Sprinkle in just a little bit of the fake stuff and free yourself of that guilt!
Well, hate to break it to you folks, but you’re better off with sugar.
According to a study published by the York University in Toronto, aspartame (which is the name for an artificial sweetener) can actually cause a greater weight gain than it’s natural counterpart. The study says that aspartame significantly influences a person’s body mass index (BMI) and glucose tolerance. So as a person consumes aspartame, their tolerance towards actual sugar decreases and your chances towards obesity continue to increase.
What about Stevia? If you haven’t heard of it, stevia is a natural sweetener that comes from a stevia plant and has been used for centuries. It is popular for being the “healthier” alternative to a sugar substitute. Although stevia has been proven to lower insulin levels and help those with diabetes, it is still possible for someone to have a misconceived perception of their “sweet” intake. If someone is used to eating sweeter foods, that could easily lead to a habit of always wanting a sugary bite.
So if you really need something sweet, you’re probably better off with a natural sweetener. You could try sweetening your food with natural sweeteners such as maple syrup, honey, coconut sugar, or even dates. All of these, including stevia, are probably your best choice for a sugar substitute. Or just go for the real deal and make one of these 40 sweet, sugary cinnamon desserts.
Leave it to ASAP Science to find out how much of our favorite foods can actually kill us, and why. Sure, a lot of times it’s a ridiculous amount, like when we learned that we’d have to chug 70 cups of coffee at once before you actually croak, but it at least eases our minds when we overindulge in such foods.
The science-based YouTube series is back with another “This Much Will Kill You” video, and they cover a few different foods.
While you’ll be happy to know that it takes a whole lot of effort to die while eating sugar and bananas, it’s a whole lot easier to eat a lethal dose of nutmeg.
Here’s the rundown:
The video points out that a 150-pound human being would have to consume 10.5 cups of sugar for it to be deadly. Sounds unreasonable, but let’s do a little math to see how much that equates in terms of soda, just because it’s easy to drink your sugar in soda form.
There are 200 grams of sugar in a whole cup, so that means the deadly amount of sugar would equal 2,100 grams of sugar. A 2-liter bottle of Coca-Cola contains about 234 grams of sugar, that means you’d have to drink a about nine 2-liter bottles of Coke in one sitting to equal the death-inducing 10.5 cups of sugar.
As far as bananas go, you’d have to eat 480 before you reached the same dangerous dose of potassium found in lethal injections.
What Asap Science fails to mention, is that it only takes one bite of banana to go down the wrong pipe and choke you to death. Unlikely? Probably, but so are the chances of anyone eating 480 bananas.
The video also highlights that you’d have to eat 129 teaspoons of pepper at a time before passing out and dying, and while it sounds ridiculous, I’ve seen numerous people try to swallow cinnamon, so I wouldn’t put it past someone like Steve-O to try and test this pepper theory, but please don’t. Just trust the science, Steve.
The scariest part of this video, though, is how little nutmeg you need to eat before it’s a killer dose. While the pepper and bananas might seem a little unlikely, just 2 teaspoons of nutmeg can cause you to convulse, and even die.
So it is possible to overdose on foods, but scientifically, it’s fairly hard to do, and hopefully needless to say, do not try any of this at home, just appreciate the science behind it.
UPDATE: Kim jumped back on snapchat to address the fan allegations, and as she streamed the table in question, it appeared that she was wrong, and it was not candy lines. Unless she’s pulling some witchcraft, the white lines were actually part of the pattern on the marble table. She calmly reiterated that she is a mother, does not adhere to a crazy party lifestyle, and that drug use is not her thing.
Original: Kim Kardashian took to Snapchat to announce some new products in her children’s clothing line, but all anyone can talk about were the highly sus powdery lines in the background.
As Kim talked up the new customized kids Yeezy shoes, there seemed to be powdery white lines on a table behind her, leading people to believe she was involved in some drug activity.
Her story checks out, as she really was at Dylan’s with her daughter, but people don’t seem to be buying it, as the “sugar” seems to be suspiciously lined up and spaced out the way a cut up drug would be, ready to become nose candy.