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Culture Video

Here’s Why We Pair Pepper With Salt In Our Food

We use salt and pepper every day to season our foods. As you spice up that bland piece of chicken on your fifth diet of the year, have you ever wondered how the black and white pairing came to be?

Popular YouTube Channel It’s Okay To Be Smart took a look at the history behind the two iconic seasonings.

Salt, as we all know, is an essential chemical compound to human diets. We need to consume a daily 6 grams to maintain blood pressure and other functions in our bodies. Early hunters and gatherers met this requirement with their animal diets. Raw blood and all.

As humans incorporated more plant-based foods into their diets, people began to discover different ways to harvest salt. Salt was commonly used to preserve food as well as accentuate other flavors like bitters, sweets, and umami.

So why do we use pepper, as opposed to hundreds of other spices that salt could be paired with?

Black pepper is from a flowering vine that originates from Southeast Asia called Piper nigrum.

Peppercorns became a very common ingredient in Indian cuisine for at least two millennia. Eventually, pepper was introduced to other countries, becoming a main commodity in the spice trade.

History believes that the popularity of black pepper came from King Louis XIV. The picky monarch demanded that his meals were to be “lightly seasoned,” only throwing salt and pepper on his food. The French cuisine that was developed in that period of time became the basis of much of what we eat today in the Western world.

So there you have it.

Imagine if King Louis preferred cinnamon instead? Food history could have drastically changed with the most minute of details.

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Video

The Best Way to Eat Pizza Is Scientifically Explained

Eating-Pizza-Science

It could be argued that there really is no right or wrong way to eat a pizza. I mean, as long as that delicious slice of cheesy, tomato-y pie is going into your gullet, it’s a pretty good situation, right? The folks at It’s Okay to be Smart beg to differ, however, releasing a video analyzing the proper techniques to eat and enjoy a pizza.

Ya fold it. 

That’s right, one of the most common techniques of devouring a slice has now officially been proven by science to be the preferred method. Joe Hanson, of the PBS series, analyzes the basic structure of a pizza, and says that its natural state allows it to go limp causing difficulty in consumption. Hanson references 19th century mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss to support his pizza argument.

Gauss had a theorem he called the Theorema Egregium (“excellent theorem”). Essentially it means that a pizza slice begins flat and has zero Gaussian curvature. Gauss’s theorem states that one direction of the slice must always remain flat. This means no matter which way you let it bend, the pizza will have some form of flatness.

When a slice goes limp, it points sideways and is more difficult to eat. When one folds a pizza slice, however, it points in the direction of your mouth. Thus, because it’s more rigid, the pizza slice is easier to eat.

Check out the video below to go deeper into the theorem.

H/T First We Feast